Currently, there is some understanding of the risk factors involved in the radicalisation of individuals, but work still needs to be done to determine how these interconnect and lead to the attempt or committing of acts of violent extremism.
The higher education sector has conducted a range of research in this area, and will continue to play a major role in enhancing understanding in the future.
Work by Cole and Cole (2007) at the University of Liverpool identified factors which may make an individual vulnerable to radicalisation. Specialist academic centres such as the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) at Kings College London and the newly formed Centre for Fascist, Anti-fascist and Post-fascist Studies (CFAPS) at Teesside University are committed to enhancing the UK’s research base in this field.
The National College of Policing has also produced a short, generic e-learning resource on the Channel programme explaining how it links to the government's wider counter-terrorism strategy. It also provides guidance on how to identify individuals who may be vulnerable to radicalisation and how to refer them to Channel. The e-learning programme can be accessed here
For details of relevant studies on radicalisation please click here.
The Let's Talk About It website is an initiative designed to provide practical help and assistance in order to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. It includes information on possible signs that an individual is becoming vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism.